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Shropshire Prune | Damson Trees

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Cooking Late Season Pollination Group D Pollinator

Self fertile Welcome, readers of Grow Your Own!

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Shropshire Prune Damson - Damson Trees

Shropshire Prune damson is a classic damson, radiant purple fruit with a seriously astringent flavour when fresh - too much so for most palates, but mouth-wateringly delicious after cooking. Shropshire Prune damson makes incomparable jam or compote and after being dried into a prune, it can be an excellent ingredient in savoury dishes as well. Prune damsons are picked from September onwards and though the crop size is not as spectacular as from some other damson trees and the fruit are quite small, once tasted a Shropshire Pune damson is not forgotten. This is a very old English variety, and so you can rely on this tree to thrive in the North; it is also better than most plums in very damp soil, as long as it is not entirely waterlogged.

Shropshire Damson Prune's History and Parentage

The mists of time have swallowed any information about this tree's parents. There is a reference to it from the 1670's, when prunes were a very widely used winter food, naming it as the Shropshire Prune; these days the name Damson Prune is more common. Although there is still some debate, there is a general consensus that damsons are the ancestors of plums and not the other way around. This is supported by strong evidence that damsons were cultivated by humans around 10,000 years ago, making them one of the first domesticated plants.

Damson Tree Pollination guide for Prunus institia Shropshire Prune Damson

This tree is self-fertile and has no need for a pollination partner. That said, even with a natural self pollinator such as Shropshire Prune, cross-pollination can only improve the quality of the fruit and if you would like a suitable match, we would recommend Dennistons Superb, which also flowers in late April and has a ready to eat sweetness that contrasts very well indeed with the sharp flavour of the damson.

Damsons are much more forgiving than plum trees; they have been in the UK for far longer and are naturally hardier. However, they are similar, need the same treatment and can suffer from the same diseases, in particular silver leaf fungus - always prune stone fruit in summer to reduce the risk of this.



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