Autumn Colour Hazel Trees & Hedging Plants Best Plants for Hedges Nut Trees Native Hedging Screening Hedging Native
Acidic Soil Chalky Soil Wet Soil Exposed Windy Areas Partial Shade Wildlife Value Edible Fruit / Nuts
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Common Hazel, Corylus avellana, is a vigorous, bushy native tree that makes a great country hedging plant for mixed hedges. It is shade tolerant, suitable for any soil and it bears edible nuts in autumn.
Hazel can be grown as a hedge of any height: it can reach up to 10-15 metres if it grows freely as a single stemmed tree.
If you want to grow hazel as a cropping tree for the nuts, we recommend the Filbert Hazel or Purple Filbert.
Hazel hedge plants & trees are only delivered bareroot, during winter (Nov-March).
Choosing a size: When you are ordering Hazel plants for a hedge, we generally recommend that you use plants that are graded at 40/60cms or 60/80cms. They are cheaper than large plants, easier to handle and they will establish well in poor conditions. Use the larger 100/125cms plants if you want to grow a full sized hazel tree for cropping. All our hedge plants are measured by their height in centimetres above the ground (the roots aren't measured).
Spacing a Hazel hedge:
Plant Hazel hedging at 3 plants per metre, 33cms apart.
You can also plant Hazel at 5 plants per metre in a staggered double row, with 33 cms between each plant along the row and 40cms between the rows.
General description of Hazel plants:
Wild Hazel trees rarely grow with a single stem: as deer and other animals eat the leaves and shoots of young plants, they cause very bushy growth that ends up creating more of a large, multi stemmed shrub than a tree. In a garden, you can control their growth to get a proper tree if you want and this bushy tendency also makes Hazel an ideal hedge plant, commonly used in mixed country hedges with Hawthorn and other native species. Although Hazel trees can reach 15 metres in ideal conditions, 10 metres is more normal.
Hazel grows pretty much anywhere. It tolerates both acidic and chalky soil, damp sites that are prone to waterlogging in winter and it will thrive in quite deep shade.
It is famous for its edible nuts in autumn and beekeepers will especially value its ornamental, bright yellow "lambstail" catkins in February, which are one the earliest sources of pollen protein each spring.
History & uses of Corylus avellana
Common Hazel is found all over Europe, North Africa and into Iran. Stone age humans almost certainly carried hazel nuts around with them a great deal, increasing Hazel's range by introducing them into isolated areas where other animals would have been unlikely to transport them. It is most commonly found on moist soils in forests of Oak or conifers, but this hardy, adaptable tree turns up all over the place.
Hazel wood is very flexible and was widely used in the past for a huge range of products. It coppices readily, so people were able to harvest it in great quantities. Thin Hazel stems, known as withies, were used in bulk for making wicker items and as a sturdier alternative to string. Its twiggy branches make perfect sticks for training peas on.
Bonemeal is an organic, slow release fertiliser with some Nitrogen and a good supply of Phosporous & Calcium. Pack sizes 1.25Kg & 5Kg
Rootgrow mycorrhizal fungi speeds establishment. Available as: