The Common Walnut tree, Juglans regia, is a large, slow-growing tree, that spreads widely into a shaggy, round headed specimen when mature. Its leaves are very aromatic when they are young and turn a rich golden yellow in the autumn. Juglans regia produces delicious nuts in the autumn, starting about 10 years from planting. Walnut trees will grow to about 30 metres and can sometimes be even wider than that, so make sure your trees have space.
There is an old saying: "A woman, a dog and a walnut tree; the harder they are beaten, the better they be", which is as true of walnuts as it is wrong about the other two! Using long sticks, ideally with padded tips, to rattle the branches when the nuts are nearly ripe in late September and early October is the best way to save your crop from the squirrels.
How Standard Trees are Measured: All our standards, are graded by their girth in centimetres 1 metre above ground level (basically, their trunk's waist measurement). They aren't measured by their height, which will vary. So, a 6/8 standard has a trunk with a circumference of 6-8 centimetres and an 8/10 standard has a trunk 8-10 centimetres around. This measurement makes no difference to the tree's final height. Standard trees are 2.5 - 4.5 metres tall (on average) when they arrive; they are the most mature trees that you can buy from us.
History & uses of Juglans regia:
Walnut trees are often grown for their superb timber, which is valuable whether it is straight grained or wavy. Seasoned walnut wood doesn't warp or swell, so it is used for the highest quality pieces of furniture. Although they are often called the English Walnut, the truth is that the native range of Juglans regia is from Greece to Japan and they are most commonly found growing wild in Iran, Iraq and Syria. The first walnuts were brought to Britain by the Romans and they were preserved and bred by monasteries during the Dark Ages that followed the collapse of Roman power.