Cornelian Cherry Hedge Plants
Cornus masHedge Plants
- Likes damp soil. Yellow flowers & edible red fruit.
- Large bush, good as hedging or specimen.
- Max. Height: 6m
- Bareroot Delivery Only: Nov-Mar
Cornus mas: Bareroot Cornelian Cherry Hedging
Delivered by Mail Order Direct from our Nursery with a Year Guarantee
Cornus mas, the Cornelian Cherry, or edible dogwood, is a small tree or large shrub and is ideal as either a specimen or as part of a mixed hedge. It flowers early in the year (which is great for bees), usually starting in February, sometimes January, with loads of small, yellow, witch hazel-like flowers appearing on the bare branches. It looks fantastic when the morning or afternoon sun is behind it and shines through the branches. The flowers ripen into bright red, acidic, edible cherry-like fruits, which give this tree its common name of Cornelian Cherry (Cornel is another word for dogwood). The leaves turn a lovely reddish-purple in the autumn to finish off the show: it doesn't have brightly coloured new bark, but mature plants have moderately interesting, flaky brown bark. All of which make it one of those "three tricks in one" garden plants that help create year round interest.
It can reach 5 metres if it is pruned into a tree, but about 3 metres is typical for a shrub in the wild.
Delivery season: Cornelian Cherries are delivered bareroot during late autumn and winter, approximately November-March inclusive.
- Height: To 3-5m
- Soil: Any. Thrives on chalk and damp soil.
- Use: Hedging, Specimen, Waterside
- Colour: Yellow flowers in Jan/Feb - March
- Edible red fruit in June-August
- RHS Plants for Pollinators
- Bareroot delivery only: November-March
Growing Edible Dogwood
Dogwoods are tough shrubs that thrive in damp soils near water, but once established are also fine in dry, poor soil. They won't flower much in more than partial shade, so if you are planting them as a specimen, the more sun the better.
Just to be clear, this dogwood should not be hard pruned down to ground level every spring as you would with an ornamental dogwood like midwinter fire, although it is fine to hard prune it if it gets overgrown.
Did You Know?
Formerly classified as Cornus mascula, we say that it has a technical RHS Award of Garden Merit because four of its cultivars do.
Little is known of its origins in Britain, except that is has been naturalised here for several hundred years and is native to Southern Europe and Turkey.
The fruit tastes like a sharp plum when fully ripe, but even slightly under ripe ones are too sour to enjoy fresh, and they do not all ripen at the same time, so it is often made into jams (you will need to add pectin). In the past, it was commonly preserved in brine like an olive. There is caffeine in the seeds, which can be roasted and ground into a powder.