Corylus avellana - Bareroot Hazel Hedge Plants
Corylus Avellana Hedging
Common Hazel, Corylus avellana, is a vigorous, bushy native tree that makes a great country hedging plant for mixed hedges. It is shade tolerant, suitable for any soil and it bears edible nuts in autumn. In the wild, Hazel trees rarely grow with a single stem: as deer and other animals eat the leaves and shoots of young plants, they cause very bushy growth that ends up creating more of a large, multi stemmed shrub than a tree. In a garden, you can control their growth to get a proper tree if you want but this bushy tendency also makes Hazel an ideal hedge plant, which is why it is commonly used in mixed country hedges with Hawthorn and other native species. Although Hazel trees can reach 15 metres in ideal conditions, 10 metres is more normal. Corylus avellana grows pretty much anywhere. It tolerates both acidic and chalky soil, damp sites that are prone to waterlogging in winter and it will thrive in quite deep shade. It is famous for its edible nuts in autumn and beekeepers value its ornamental, bright yellow "lambstail" catkins in February, which are one the earliest sources of pollen protein each spring. Corylus avellana can be grown as a hedge of any height.
Hazel hedge plants & trees are only delivered bareroot, during winter (Nov-March).
Choosing a size: When you are ordering Hazel plants for a hedge, we generally recommend that you use plants that are graded at 40/60cms or 60/80cms. They are cheaper than large plants, easier to handle and they will establish well in poor conditions. Use the larger 100/125cms plants if you want to grow a full sized hazel tree for cropping. All our hedge plants are measured by their height in centimetres above the ground (the roots aren't measured).
Spacing a Hazel hedge:
Plant Hazel hedging at 3 plants per metre, 33cms apart.
You can also plant Hazel at 5 plants per metre in a staggered double row, with 33 cms between each plant along the row and 40cms between the rows.
History & uses of Corylus avellana
Common Hazel is found all over Europe, North Africa and into Iran. Stone age humans almost certainly carried hazel nuts around with them, increasing its range by introducing them into isolated areas where other animals would have been unlikely to transport them. It is most commonly found on moist soils in forests of Oak or conifers, but this hardy, adaptable tree turns up all over the place. The wood is very flexible and was widely used in the past for a huge range of products. It coppices readily, so people were able to harvest it in great quantities. Thin Hazel stems, known as withies, were used in bulk for making wicker items and as a sturdier alternative to string while Its twiggy branches make perfect sticks for training peas.