'Brown Turkey' Fig Trees

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Misc RHS AGM, Self fertile
Shade Full Sun
Soil Good, Well Drained, Alkaline/Chalky, Poor/Dry
Fruiting Mid Season Fruiting
Type Eating, Pot Grown

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'

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SIZES 1-4 5+
1.5L Stock = 30 £7.95Stock = 30 £6.45
3L OUT OF STOCK - NOT AVAILABLE THIS SEASON £13.95OUT OF STOCK - NOT AVAILABLE THIS SEASON£12.95
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Ficus carica Brown Turkey

Brown Turkey fig trees are the best figs for growing outside in the UK, according the RHS who have awarded it the Award of Garden Merit (AGM). It crops every year, almost without fail, and if Brown Turkey is planted in a nice sunny spot it will produce excellent fruit and heavy crops in sunny summers. 
Browse our full range of fruit trees for sale here.

All varieties of Ficus carica are fully self-fertile, so you only need one Brown Turkey to keep a large family happy.

Growing Brown Turkey Figs

Figs need special attention to crop well. If you think it needs more than you can give, then a medlar, quince or kiwi might be a better choice for something exotic. 

If you plant a fig tree into the ground without taking precautions, you will quickly realise just how big fruiting figs can grow. In the wild they can be very large trees indeed. So, here is what you do:

The principle is similar to Bonsai, where a small container restricts the size of the tree. In the case of figs, restricting the food supply limits the size of the tree while allowing fruit to form naturally. So, if planting in the garden, preparation is all important. Dig a hole no more than 60cm long x 60cm wide x 75 cm deep. Line the walls with material that roots cannot penetrate. Paving slabs are often used, or the thick plastic damp proof membrane used by builders when casting concrete floors. Put a layer of at least 20-25 cms rubble or hardcore in the bottom of the hole and then fill with ordinary garden soil. Plant the fig in this.

If you want to put your fig in a container, choose one of a similar size to the hole outlined above and make sure it is sturdy.

As long as you follow the rules above, figs can be grown freestanding as a low bush or larger standard tree, but they are more generally grown trained in a fan shape against a wall or fence.

Brown Turkey is tremendously vigorous and requires pruning every year. Figs crop on last year's wood, which means they should be treated like summer fruiting raspberries. Any wood that has fruited is cut out and older structural branches can be removed without fear of hurting the plant. In spring, it is a good idea to cut out crossing branches and suckers. Depending on growth, sometime in the summer cut back new growths to 5-6 leaves to encourage fruit formation the following year. Before winter sets in remove any large fruits that have not ripened. However, leave the little marble sized figlets for the following year. Always leave 5cm (2in) long stubs when removing any branches.

How to Harvest figs in the UK

Did you know?

The naming of fig tree varieties is a tangle. This variety is called San Piero in Italy, Aubique Noire in France, and the American names include San Pedro Black, Brown Turkey, and Black Spanish. In older British literature, you might see it listed as Negro Largo. 

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Bareroot planting is best done between October and April
Bareroot and potted - what's the difference?

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