Caucasian / Crimean Lime, Large Trees
- Doesn't attract aphids!
- Lush, glossy leaves, low canopy.
- Sizes: Standards & Ready to Pleach trees.
- Max. Height: 15m
- Bareroot Delivery: Nov-Mar.
Tilia x euchlora: Bareroot Caucasian Lime Trees in Standard Sizes
The Caucasian Lime tree, Tilia x euchlora (previously Tilia x europea Euchlora) is a relatively small, bushy but still narrow Linden variety with lush, glossy green leaves. It makes a great screening tree and is suitable for most gardens.
Unlike other lime varieties, it does not attract many aphids, so you won't end up with all that sticky honeydew underneath the tree. It is also a fair bit smaller than its cousins, suitable for a medium-sized garden.
It has brilliant green leaves and drooping lower branches that tend to give the tree a cylindrical canopy down to ground level. This habit makes it an ideal tree for pleaching along wires: buy our ready to pleach lime trees for a headstart on this. The autumn colour is a pale, clean yellow. Clusters of small, sweetly scented creamy-yellow flowers appear in mid-summer, which produce few seeds
They can reach a height of about 15-20 metres.
Delivery season: Lime trees are delivered bareroot during late autumn and winter, approximately November-March inclusive.
Choosing a size: Small trees are cheaper, easier to handle and more forgiving of less than ideal aftercare, so they are best for a big planting project. If instant impact is your priority, or if you are only buying a few plants for use in a place where it is convenient to water them well in their first year, then you may as well use bigger ones. All our bareroot trees are measured by their height in centimetres above the ground (the roots aren't measured).
- Height: 15-20m
- Soil: Any well drained, mildly acidic to alkaline soil.
- Use: Wide avenues, parks, large gardens, coast
- Colour: Yellow-cream flowers in June-July, strong aroma
- Responds well to hard pruning
- RHS Plants for Pollinators
- Attracts few aphids
- Bareroot delivery only: November-March
Extremely tough and undemanding, they thrive best on alkaline soils, but mildly acidic soil is fine. They are happy in heavy, compacted clay with paving around them: a town planner's best friend.
They tolerate partial shade well, and are recommended for exposed locations; they won't grow right on the beach, but tolerate salt winds. When established, they are drought tolerant.
Limes respond very well to pruning, and are perfect for pollarding.
Did You Know?
This tree is sometimes known as the Crimean lime, but it is really a hybrid of the actual Crimean Lime, Tilia dasystyla, and our native Small Leaved Lime, Tilia cordata.
There have been scuffles between taxonomists in the car park about whether Euchlora should be a cultivar of Tilia europaea, or a recognised hybrid (nothospecies, to be precise in this case), and they settled on Tilia euchlora.
It was identified around 1860, and propagated by Booth's Nursery, Hamburg.
Standard trees are measured by their girth in centimetres 1 metre above ground level: their trunk's waist measurement. Unlike sapling trees and hedge plants, standards aren't measured by their height, which will vary quite a bit both between and within species.
So, a 6/8cm standard tree has a trunk with a circumference of 6-8cm and an 8/10 standard has a trunk 8-10cm around. This measurement makes no difference to the tree's final height.
On average, standard trees are 2-3.5 metres tall when they arrive, but we cannot tell you precisely how tall your trees will be before we deliver them.
Notes on planting Crimean Lime trees:
Crimean Lime trees will grow well any fertile soil and tolerate partial shade. They are suitable for exposed locations.
They will not grow well if the site is very wet or if the soil is poor and dry unless you improve it well and give it a rich mulch every Spring.
Prepare your site before planting:
It is good to dig over the site where you plant a tree several months in advance. Kill the weeds first: for tough weeds like nettles, brambles and ground elder, you will usually need a weed-killer to get rid of them. When you dig the soil over, remove stones and other rubbish and mix in well rotted compost or manure down to the depth of about 2 spades.
Watch our video on how to plant a tree for full instructions.
Remember to water establishing trees during dry weather for at least a year after planting.
Tree Planting accessories:
Prepare your site for planting by killing the weeds and grass with Neudorff WeedFree Plus.
You can buy a tree planting pack with a wooden stake & rubber tie to support the tree and a mulch mat with pegs to protect the soil around the base of your tree from weeds and drying out.
We suggest that you use mycorrhizal "friendly fungi" on the roots of all newly planted large trees: if your soil quality is poor, we strongly recommend it.
You can also improve your soil with bonemeal organic fertiliser and Growmore.